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Instructions For Synopsis Preparation of MS/Ph.D Research

A research proposal/synopsis for MS/Ph.D. registration, showing the area of study i.e. natural sciences, social sciences, computer sciences, Engineering and Management should include certain basic components, in which a number of questions need to be addressed.
  •  Why should research on the proposed topic be undertaken and what gains are likely to be achieved?
  •  What has been done previously in this or related areas?
  •  What are the objectives of the study and how will they be achieved?
  •  Are the facilities required for doing the proposed research available?
An extensive initial exercise would help in designing a sound research project, which is likely to make a significant contribution in successful completion of MS/Ph.D. research.

Components of Synopsis

The following components should be provided in thesis of MS/Ph.D in “times new roman” format with “1.5 line spacing”.

Title Page
Title page of the synopsis should include title of the research project (16 pts, bold, upper case letters, centralize), BUITEMS logo and complete University name (14 pts, bold, upper case letters), degree name (12 pts, bold, upper case letters, centralize), student name (14 pts, bold, upper case letters, centralize), supervisor(s) name and affiliation (12 pts, bold, centralize), and date (month and year) of submission (12 pts, bold, centralize). Research topic should be selected carefully. It should be specific and worded to show the nature of work involved.

Contents page (14 points, bold, upper case letters, centralize)
Enlist all the contents of the synopsis with page numbers.

Introduction (14 points, bold, upper case letters, centralize)
A brief description (1-3 pages) to introduce the area of the proposed research work.

Review of Literature (14 points, bold, upper case letters, centralize)
A review of the relevant and upto-date literature showing the work done previously in the area of proposed research is essential to plan further research effectively. The information given in the review should be supported by references (see standard pattern/format for references at end).

Objectives (14 points, bold, upper case letters, centralize) Broad objectives to be achieved should be clearly outlined (numbering). These objectives will indicate major aspects of the study to be undertaken.

Justification and Benefits of the Research (14 points, bold, upper case letters, centralize)
It is important to provide justification and benefits of the proposed research, in the light of previous work done. It should be possible in most cases to anticipate the specific and general benefits likely to be achieved as a result of completion of the proposed research.

Plan of Work and Methodology (14 points, bold, upper case letters, centralize)
A plan of work describing various aspects of the study in a logical sequence along with the methodologies to be employed, are the most important component of any research plan. Sufficient details to demonstrate that the researcher has a fairly good idea about the nature of work likely to be involved should be provided. In the case of experimental sciences, e.g., which equipment and experimental procedures will be used to obtain the results; in the case of social sciences what resource materials will be used; whether the required information will be obtained from primary or secondary sources, etc. A time schedule for the various aspects of the proposed research may be provided wherever possible.

Place of Work and Facilities Available (14 points, bold, upper case letters, centralize)
In order to complete the proposed research some specialized facilities may be required. For example in case of experimental sciences different equipments may be involved or in the case of, may be, a study on a scholar, the relevant literature may be available in a foreign country. Therefore it is important to identify the place where the research work will be undertaken and whether the resources and facilities required for doing the research are available.

References and Bibliography (14 points, bold, upper case letters, centralize)
Synopsis should contain at the end a list of references, and a bibliography if required. These should be written (single spaced) on a standard pattern (see pattern) and alphabetically arranged (A-Z).

Reference pattern Journal
Marazita ML, Ploughman LM, Rawlings B, Remington E, Arnos KS, and Nance WE. (1993) Genetic Epidemiological studies of early onset deafness in U.S school-age population. Am J Med Genet 46: 486-491.

Reference pattern book
Karathwohl DR. (1988) How to prepare a research proposal. Guidelines for funding and dissertations in the social and behavioural sciences. 3rd Ed. New York, Syracuse University Press.
Blumenfeld H (2001) Neuroanatomy through Clinical Cases. Yale University School of Medicine, New York.
Reference pattern conference
Asmussen LE, Hicks DW, Leonard RA, Knisel WG, and Perkins HF. “Potential Pesticide Contamination in Groundwater Recharge Areas: A model Simulation”. Proceedings of the Georgia Water Resource Conference, University of Georgia. 161-164, Georgia, May, 1989.

Instructions for Format

Type Style Times New Roman

Margins 1½ inches (3.81cm) on the left-hand side 1 inch (2.54cm) at the top and bottom of the page 0.80 inches (2 cm) at the outer edge

Pagination The best position for the page number is at bottom-centre. Pages containing figures and illustration should also be paginated.

Figure legends should be below the figures, ordered as numeric with single line spacing (10 points).

Table captions should be above the tables, ordered as numeric with single line spacing (10 points).

It will be difficult to define an overall length for a synopsis for Ph.D research in such varied fields of study. Whereas it should be concise as far as possible and avoid repetitions, it should also provide sufficient details on the various aspects mentioned above to show that the research involved has been well understood and planned, and it is of an acceptable academic merit. The total length of a synopsis may run from 1,500 to a few thousand words.

Download Standard Synopsis
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